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Canada Immigration

How to Immigrate to Canada: 4 Migration programs

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How to Immigrate to Canada: 4 Migration programs

Making the decision to emigrate and settle in a new country is something that can certainly become complex. Multiple factors such as economy, educational, professional growth, and legal channels for the process usually direct the selection of the destination. However, Canada is constantly characterized by being one of the countries where most people want to make life.

Immigration to Canada can be carried out in different ways. There are a large number of migration programs that allow it. Each of them with different requirements and requirements that are adapted to different profiles of applicants.

The main immigration programs used to immigrate to Canada are Express Entry, Provincial Nomination, Rural, and Northern Communities Program, and Atlantic Provinces Immigration Program.

SEE ALSO: J1 Visa: What is it and how to apply for it?

The 4 migration programs for foreigners

In each of these programs, language level, higher education studies, and qualified work experience play a fundamental role.

Below we will explain how each of them works.

Express Entry

Express Entry is an administrative system used by the government of Canada which is based on the selection of better-trained immigrants based on a collection of points.

Once the applicant has reached the required number of points, the Canadian government offers him the opportunity to obtain permanent residence in the country.

The “Express Entry” modality has a series of categories that allow candidates to qualify through different channels.

The categories are the following:

  1. Canadian Experience Class: This category is characterized mainly because the applicant must have a minimum of one year of qualified work experience in Canada.
  2. Federal Skilled Worker Program: This category is distinguished because the candidate must present qualified work experience previously performed abroad.
  3. Federal Skilled Trade Program: This program is specifically directed

for professionals in charge of specific trades such as builders, farmers, carpenters, cooks, etc.

Once the applicant has determined which Express Entry category he will use, immigration from Canada will assign a score based on multiple factors.

If the person meets all the requirements and manages to reach the minimum required score, he will subsequently be invited by the Canadian government in one of its draws of applicants which are usually held twice a month.

SEE ALSO: H2 Temporary Work Visa in the United States

Factors taken into account for the collection of Express Entry points are:

  • Age
  • Level of English and French
  • Level of education
  • Qualified work experience inside or outside Canada
  • Job offer
  • Relatives living in Canada

It is important to note that the score assigned to certain factors may vary. An example of this is the 50 points that the applicant currently adds if he has an advanced level of French, unlike the 30 that he added in previous years.

Usually, the average score with which applicants are invited to permanent residence is usually around 450 points, however, the Canadian government claims to receive a total of 1,233.00 new permanent residents between 2021 and 2023.

Considering this and the surprising draw held last March where 27,322 people were invited to permanent residence with a minimum score of 75 points, the score is expected to be somewhat friendlier than usual in recent years.

The qualified work experience that must be presented at the time of the sum of points are specific jobs or occupations determined by the National Occupational Classification (NOC), and these, in turn, are subdivided into levels.

SEE ALSO: Study in Australia, everything you need to know

Provincial Nomination

The Provincial Nomination is a series of migration programs involving all Canadian provinces and territories.

In them, skilled workers with required skills are nominated by local companies, companies, or institutions, which support that a specific foreign candidate can obtain permanent residence and settle in the province.

Those candidates who have a better profile will receive a nomination from the province which allows them to apply for the PR (Permanent Residency) to immigration from the country.

For this, sponsors or employers are obliged to demonstrate on a sufficient basis that efforts were made to hire local workers, however, the foreign candidate was the best suited for the position.

There are different immigration programs by the province through which skilled workers can be nominated.

SEE ALSO: What to get on the plane when traveling to Canada

An example is the programs administered by the province of Quebec, where the selected candidates receive a Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ) which demonstrates that the person was chosen by the province.

The Agrifood Pilot Program, the Quebec Experience Program, and the Professionals Program are the three migratory programs belonging to the province of Quebec.

On the other hand, it is important to highlight that some provinces have friendlier migration programs.

It is estimated that at present, the provinces with the most receptivity and ease of obtaining permanent residence are Manitoba, British Columbia, and Alberta.

Rural and Northern Communities Program

The Pilot Program for Rural and Northern Communities is one of the new ways to obtain Canadian permanent residence.

It was launched in June 2019 and established that 11 rural cities in Canada will be part of a migration program in which they can invite people who have specific criteria that prove their relationship with the community to permanent residence.

SEE ALSO: Super Visa Canada: what it is and who can apply for it

Some of the rural communities participating in this program are Vermont, Claresholm, Sudbury, Sault Ste. Marie, among others. And all are characterized by being cities in constant development and with a promising future.

The key criteria necessary for candidates to be invited to the permanent residency pool is to have a qualified job offer in one of these communities, and that meets all the requirements imposed by the government of Canada.

The labor offer must be full-time or indefinite and have an annual salary equal to or higher than that established in the Canadian government’s labor bank.

On the other hand, the candidate must have completed high school or high school and have at least one year of work experience in the three years prior to the application.

This year of experience may have been carried out continuously or discontinuously, and likewise, it may have been carried out inside or outside the country.

Additionally, the level of English or French required in these communities is lower and the monetary funds to be demonstrated are around $10,000.

In case the community is interested in the profession, a letter of recommendation will be provided which is part of the requirements for obtaining permanent residence through this route.

SEE ALSO: Working in Canada: Everything you need to know

Atlantic Provinces Immigration Program

The Atlantic Provinces Immigration Pilot Program is a migration program developed by the federal government of Canada in conjunction with the Atlantic provinces of the country.

Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, and Labrador participate in it, and this was created with the intention of including new foreign professionals in the economy and society of these provinces.

It was launched in 2017 to assist employers in Atlantic Canada in hiring skilled workers or international students who aim to establish themselves permanently in the province.

Due to its resounding success, the government of Canada has decided to maintain this pilot program on a permanent basis as a way to the country.

SEE ALSO: Low GPA Colleges: All you need to know

Within this pilot program, there are three subprogrammes used by employers to hire skilled workers and provide them with the opportunity to obtain permanent residence. The subprogrammes are:

  • Atlantic High-skilled Program: This program is characterized by being aimed only at workers with qualified work experience, and who have a job offer of at least one year. Other requirements also apply.
  • Atlantic International Graduate Program: This program requires having taken some type of program to obtain a degree, diploma or certificate in the province. It does not require work experience, and must have a job offer of at least one year.
  • Atlantic Intermediate-skilled Program: The worker must have completed a minimum of 1560 hours of qualified work in the three years prior to the application. Other requirements apply.

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Canada Immigration

What languages ​​are spoken in Canada

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What languages ​​are spoken in Canada

Have you thought about living or traveling to Canada? If so, most likely one of your first questions is what languages ​​are spoken in Canada and how to prepare yourself to face the linguistic challenges that this great destination presents. 

In recent years, the Canadian immigration system has been recognized as one of the friendliest with students, professionals, and expatriates from different parts of the world, who come to Canada to meet their goals, start a new life and even learn a new language. 

However, one of the commonly requested requirements to enter the country successfully, for reasons beyond tourism, is to know at least one of the languages ​​spoken in Canada, so that you can guarantee a smooth social and cultural integration. 

What languages ​​are officially spoken in Canada? Are there minority languages? How do they differ from other languages ​​we already know? Are there other countries where they are useful? All these doubts will be answered below. 

SEE ALSO: Traveling to Canada with a Criminal Record

Official languages ​​spoken in Canada

Canada is known around the world for being an officially bilingual country, made up of two official languages: 

English 

The Anglo-Saxon language is one of the two main languages ​​of the Canadian territory, being the mother tongue of more than 77% of the population and the language that around 86% of the inhabitants speak fluently. 

A very common question is whether the English spoken in Canada is different from English of British or American origin; However, its spelling is sometimes described as a mixture of both, the vocabulary is more similar to that of United States English, and the variations of the single-use lexicon in Canada are very specific depending on the context.

French

The next official language of Canada is, of course, French, established by statutory decree in July 1969. 

Today, French is the mother tongue of approximately 9 million Canadians, that is, 23% of the population of this country. Most of the Francophones live in the province of Quebec. 

Minority languages ​​of Canada

In addition to the official languages ​​that coexist in the country, there are a series of minority languages ​​that are spoken in the country thanks to the constant migratory movement that the nation has experienced for years. 

The minority languages ​​that are not officially recognized in Canada, but are still spoken daily by thousands of inhabitants of the Canadian territory are Spanish, Italian, German, Cantonese, Punjabi, Arabic, Dutch, and Tagalog. 

SEE ALSO: What is and what is the function of the CBSA?

In what other countries are the official languages ​​of Canada spoken?

Due to the colonizing past of countries such as France and the United Kingdom, those who master the two official languages ​​of Canada can communicate fluently in the official language of many countries on different continents. 

On the one hand, English, in addition to being a language spoken by more than 1.13 billion people in the world, has been called the official language in more than 70 countries around the world. Among these countries, the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Singapore, the Philippines, among many others, always stand out (the list is very long!). 

On the French side, things are not far behind. The “language of love”, in addition to being the main language of France and Canada, maintains its official status in more than twenty nations and overseas territories.

Some territories where we can find French as an official language are: Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, Monaco, Luxembourg, Republic of the Congo, Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Niger, Togo, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Mali, Senegal, Benin, Gabon, Chad, Haiti, Rwanda, Comoros, Burundi, Republic of Djibouti, Vanuatu, French Polynesia, and French Guyana. 

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Canada Immigration

Traveling to Canada with a Criminal Record

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Traveling to Canada with a Criminal Record

The requirements to travel to Canada with Mexican nationality changed in December 2016. All Mexican citizens wishing to visit Canada for a short stay must obtain the eTA before traveling.

The eTA is an electronic travel authorization. This automated system determines the eligibility of people who want to visit Canada. As a Mexican citizen, you can apply for the eTA online by completing a form and answering a series of security questions.

SEE ALSO: What is and what is the function of the CBSA?

Necessary requirements to apply for the eTA with Mexican nationality:

Applying for the Canadian eTA is quick and easy. Among the requirements to obtain the eTA, travelers need:

  • A valid passport
  • A debit or credit card
  • An email address

Once the application has been completed with all the data, the applicant can proceed to answer a series of questions about his criminal record. To finish the process, you have to pay the eTA fee.

Do I need a Criminal Record Certificate to travel to Canada?

The Criminal Record certificate is not required to travel to Canada as a tourist. However, if you want to work in Canada, you may need to obtain a Criminal Record Certificate. In Mexico, you can complete the procedure online by completing a Request for a Certificate or Report of No Criminal History.

On the other hand, if you have a criminal record it is very important that you do not deny it when you apply for the eTA. In the Canadian travel authorization questionnaire, you must answer honestly all questions, including those about your criminal record. No matter how minor the crime, you are required to declare it on the eTA permit form.

SEE ALSO: Walmart Cart Pusher Job for Immigrants

Alternatives if eTA Canada is denied due to brush with the law

It is likely that having a criminal record the eTA will be denied as inadmissible in Canada. In this case, you can still apply for a visa through the nearest Canadian embassy or consulate.

Before the travel authorization system was implemented, travelers from visa-exempt countries did not have to go through any electronic checks. You also didn’t have to answer questions about a criminal record. Migration controls were made upon arrival in Canada. As a result, there are many people who were able to enter Canada with a criminal record and went unnoticed.

It is worth mentioning that not all criminal records are equally serious. Still, the eTA serves as a screening mechanism to weed out people who might be criminally inadmissible in Canada.

If you have had interactions with the criminal justice system, you could benefit from a legal opinion letter to be able to apply for a visa to Canada and travel without problems. The legal opinion letter is a document that explains that the person with a criminal record is a respectable person and that they are an admissible person.

In some cases it may happen that the eTA is denied, this will depend on the severity of the history of each person. In case the eTA is denied due to the applicant’s criminal record, a temporary residence permit can be applied for, which would allow legal entry into the country.

Lying when completing the eTA is not recommended as this could have very serious consequences. Not only would the eTA not be granted but it could damage future possibilities of traveling to the North American country.

SEE ALSO: How to travel by bicycle around the world staying for free

To process a Canadian visa with a criminal record it is important that:

  • Learn all the details of your conviction and the charge.
  • Gather as much information as possible about your conviction, including dates.
  • Complete the application correctly and with all the necessary documents.

Remember that the decision to grant you entry to Canada rests with the Canadian immigration agent who assists you upon arrival in the country. A serious criminal record can be a reason for denial of the Canadian eTA or entry into the country.

If you have a criminal record for crimes committed before the age of 18 you may still have the opportunity to be granted entry into Canada.

To be considered your application, despite having a criminal record, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Provide supporting documents that you comply with the legal terms to be considered rehabilitated :
    • More than 5 years have elapsed since the crime and also since his final sentence
    • Fully served his sentence
    • Not likely to incur new crimes
    • Had he committed the crime in Canada, he would have had a prison term of less than 10 years
  • Your request for rehabilitation was approved
  • You were granted a record suspension
  • You have a temporary residence permit

SEE ALSO: Walmart Cart Pusher Job for Immigrants

If you have a Mexican passport and a criminal record, it is recommended that you apply for criminal rehabilitation before submitting your eTA Canada petition. Once your confirmation of rehabilitation has been approved, you will be able to apply for a Canada eTA.

Contact an embassy or consulate for updated information and requirements. Please note that these requests can take more than a year to process.

The eTA is not a visa, it is a travel authorization to visit Canada for a certain time. The eTA is not designed for people who want to live, study or work in Canada.

Once the eTA is requested, it will be electronically linked to the passport, which is why it is essential to travel with the document with which the application was made.

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Canada Immigration

Things Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You About Moving to Canada

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Things Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You About Moving to Canada

Before I enlighten you about things immigration lawyers won’t tell you, I’d like to give you a hint of the duties of an immigration lawyer. They basically work with corporations and employers to assist with helping clients understand the steps taken before they can be employed in Canada.

Immigration Lawyers are not gods

One thing immigration lawyers won’t tell you is that they are capable of failing when it comes to moving clients to Canada. Some tend to be transparent about it but most immigration lawyers won’t come clean on this.

They appear to their clients as gods and create a great picture of them in their hearts. They actually make mistakes too and sometimes lose cases. Most clients are aware of this fact, but when meeting an immigration lawyer they tend to put all hope on them.

SEE ALSO: Canadian professionals and skilled workers program

Immigration Lawyers Have no Supreme Power Over Immigration Process

I’ve met people who think when meeting an immigration lawyer their problems are totally solved. If you have this mindset, I’ll advise you to unlearn it because immigration lawyers are no supreme body in the affairs of immigration.

They only stand-in for their clients in the process stage and convince corporations about employing their clients. Immigration lawyers won’t tell you they aren’t certain about the outcome but would assure you of total success in immigrating to Canada.

You can Process it Yourself Without the Assistance of an Immigration Lawyer

Most people know that they can actually do their immigration processing themselves. It is a known fact, but they hire immigration lawyers because of their professionalism in their field. They believe they can do more better than they are.

Immigration lawyers won’t tell you that there are some cases with a slim chance of achieving victory. They make their clients feel like they are capable of performing miracles and so encourage them to hit on the process.

Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You of Their Past Records

Some immigration lawyers have been disciplined for immoral conduct in the past but they would never tell you because you might want to look elsewhere. A major issue is that act misconduct taken by an immigration lawyer may ruin your case. Most people have gone through this experience because of a bad step taken by their lawyer.

Although some learn from their past mistakes, it is not 100% certain that he would not act in that light again. So, when going for a background check you should determine if you should work with or without the immigration lawyer.

SEE ALSO: Rural and northern communities program, and other ways to achieve permanent residency in Canada

Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You of the Case Load They Have on Deck

Some immigration lawyers can be extremely busy with a huge caseload on their hands. And oftentimes they do not reject cases but add more to their piles of work.

Immigration lawyers won’t tell you about this and it can cause a low commitment to your immigration process as they do not pay the necessary attention that ought to be paid to your immigration process. Every case ought to be given much attention in other to produce the best result.

While searching for an immigration lawyer ensure you take note of what to expect and also ask questions on the process in order to avoid getting an unexpected result.

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