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US Immigration

J1 Visa: What is it and how to apply for it?

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J1 Visa: What is it and how to apply for it?

The J1 Visa allows foreigners to study, work, research, or exchange cultural knowledge in the United States through participation in one of its 15 programs.

The State Department estimates that each year some 300,000 foreigners from more than 200 countries participate in this program, so if you want to join the list and enjoy the benefits it offers, through this article you will learn what the J1 Visa is, what programs are there and how you can apply. 

What is the J1 Visa

The J-1 Visa is a non-immigrant visa program extended by the United States aimed at people who wish to visit the country as an exchange, for work and travel for a limited time, for example, programs for the promotion of exchange cultural and Working Holiday. 

In some cases it is also issued to students, schoolchildren, and researchers who would carry out academic activities within the United States for a short period of time, for example, to train or carry out professional practices. 

SEE ALSO: H1B 2021 visa: how to get it, procedures, and latest news

Programs to apply for the J1 Visa

The programs available to apply for the J1 Visa exist under different categories from which you can choose those that suit your needs and conditions, as long as you meet all the eligibility requirements.

Next, we will mention the programs that participate in the process of this Visa: 

J1 visa for Au-pair

It allows you to participate in an Au Pair program aimed at young people between the ages of 18 and 26 who, at least, have completed secondary school and are fluent in English. 

J1 Visa for Summer Camp Counselors

As its name indicates, it is a type of visa that opens the possibility of participating in programs to work in summer camps in the form of a counselor, that is, supervising the campers at all times and leading educational and recreational activities included within the plan. 

This program is open to foreigners over 18 years of age and it is important to consider that it is not only open to fulfill this profile, that is, but it also does not apply to work options that consist of manual and operational tasks such as kitchen, administrative staff or cleaning. 

J1 Visa for College Students 

With this type of Visa, foreign university students will have the opportunity to participate in academic study or internship programs, in some cases funded by the United States government or, by the government of the student’s home country, their institution, or an organization. international provided that it presents its particular support. 

SEE ALSO: H2 Temporary Work Visa in the United States

J1 Visa for Government Visitors

Foreign persons of special relevance can be chosen to participate in this program, receiving the opportunity to interact with members of the agencies of the federal, state, and local governments in the United States.

J1 Visa for Professional Internships

For students who attend a foreign university or finished their studies in the last 12 months, this program opens up the possibility of training their skills or developing new skills by doing internships in a company located in the United States. 

J1 visa for international visitors with high capacities 

In this Visa program, candidates are chosen by the US government from foreign leaders recognized for great professional potential and high skills. 

J1 visa for future doctors 

This program is intended for foreign doctors who wish to train or carry out internships in the United States. 

SEE ALSO: COVID-19 entry restrictions to Canada: The latest updates

J1 Visa for University Professors

As its name suggests, it is a program where it is issued for university professors. 

It is important to note that candidates for this program cannot have had a J1 visa in the previous 12 months, except for certain exceptions that you should consult particularly. 

J1 visa for researchers

This program, known in English as Research Scholar, allows the application of this to university students or graduates who work on academic research projects linked to an institution or organization. 

As in the limitations of the J1 Visa for university professors, the participation of people who have enjoyed this visa in the last 12 months is not allowed.

SEE ALSO: Where to stay in Rome, Georgia

J1 Visa for High School Students

It is designed for students between 15 and 18½ years old, at the time of starting the secondary education program. 

It should be noted that access to this program is not allowed to international students who have previously studied in a high school in the United States with a J1 visa or with an F1 student visa.

J1 Visa for University Professors and Researchers 

As its name suggests, the visa program is aimed at university professors and researchers. It is characterized because the maximum time of the program is six months and extension or change is not possible.

J1 visa for specialist experts 

This program is aimed at specialist professionals in their field of knowledge who wish to work in the United States for a period of permanence of a maximum of one year, therefore, they will not be able to apply for jobs that require a fixed position.

SEE ALSO: Where to stay in Miami, Florida

J1 visa for work and travel 

If you are a university student and wish to work in the United States during your summer vacation, you will have the right to apply for a J1 visa with the advance notice established for your respective country.

J1 visa for teachers 

This program is for teachers who want to work in the United States within elementary or secondary schools. As a requirement, it is necessary to have completed studies equivalent to the degree in Education or in the subject they wish to teach, in addition to demonstrating a minimum of 24 months of experience in teaching areas or the related field.

J1 visa for apprentices 

This program is known in English as the Trainee Program. It is required to have a professional certificate from an institution of post-secondary studies and one year of work experience or five years of work experience in the field in which you want to do the internship.

SEE ALSO: Study in Australia, everything you need to know

How to apply for the J1 Visa

Once you have decided the program to which you want to send your application, it is time to find out about the particular conditions of each one and of course, request it taking into account the data and steps that we will see below:

Requirements to apply for the J1 Visa

The requirements to apply for this visa are the following:

  • Form DS-2019 (Certificate of Eligibility)
  • Valid passport
  • Fees paid (SEVIS and Visa)
  • Non-immigrant visa form DS-160
  • International medical expenses insurance
  • Requirements of each United States Embassy or Consulate where the J-1 Visa is requested

All international candidates traveling to the United States must be registered by their host institutions in the SEVIS system, a database that keeps information on students and exchange visitors in the United States up to date. For this service, it will be necessary to pay the corresponding fee.

SEE ALSO: How to find the cheapest flights with Skyscanner

J1 Visa application process

As we have previously mentioned, one of the main characteristics of the J1 Visa is the need to have a sponsor, who must be previously authorized by the State Department, which can be found on the official website of this program (https://j1visa.state.gov/participants/how-to-apply).

These are the steps you must follow to start the application process: 

  1. The first step is to choose the option of the program in which you want to participate. Without the sponsor, the visa cannot be applied for. 
  2. Once you have a sponsor, it will include the candidate in the computer system known as SEVIS and will deliver a document known as DS-2019, Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor Status.
  3. As soon as you have the DS-2019, you can apply for a non-immigrant visa using the online form DS-160. All the instructions on the form must be followed for the payment of the fee, photos, fingerprinting and a certain appointment at the consulate for the interview.

The consular officer is the one who decides whether to approve the visa. In other words, having obtained the DS-2019 document at no time guarantees its approval.

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US Immigration

Walmart Cart Pusher Job for Immigrants

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Walmart Cart Pusher Job for Immigrants

As an Immigrant, one of the most entry-level positions that are every now and again accessible at Walmart is the cart pusher position. This position has restricted degrees of client connection and is the most appropriate for individuals who flourish in an exceptionally actual climate.

In our article, we will audit the essential work liabilities of this position and other significant subtleties.

SEE ALSO: Work as a guide for cycling tours around the World

What Does a Walmart Cart Pusher Do?

Basically liable for keeping the parking area region all around kept up with, the truck pusher position at Walmart is an incredible decision for people who lean toward a functioning workplace with restricted measures of social communication.

With a wide determination of shift types and least beginning necessities, it’s regularly very simple to find some work with this position.

Walmart Cart Pusher Job Description

The fundamental job description of the Walmart cart pusher position is revolved around keeping the parking garage region clear of messiness and returning trucks to the assigned stockpiling region

Notwithstanding these essential assignments, Walmart truck pushers are additionally now and again liable for assisting clients with stacking huge buys into their vehicles.

The essential work obligations related to the Walmart cart pusher position incorporate the following

  • Exhausting waste containers consistently and getting free junk from the parking area
  • Returning trucks to the assigned truck stockpiling region
  • Investigating trucks for harm intermittently and educating the executives regarding any issues
  • Helping clients with stacking enormous buys
  • Responding to fundamental client questions sooner rather than later

SEE ALSO: How to travel by bicycle around the world staying for free

Walmart Cart Pusher Working Hours

By far most of WalmartCart pusher postings are low maintenance places that will average somewhere in the range of 20 to 30 hours every week

In uncommon cases, full-time postings might open up that work more like 40 hours every week. As a rule, full-time positions are inside just and are saved for existing labourers to apply for.

The shift types fluctuate impressively with this position. Truck pushers consistently work early mornings, evenings, and a few nights. Also, numerous Walmart areas are 24 hours and will require some short-term accessibility too. During specific occasion periods, this position might be needed to work extra hours.

Walmart Cart Pusher Workplace

The main component to consider with respect to the workplace for Walmart truck pushers is that you will be working outside. You ought to be agreeable consistently working in stormy climates, warm temperatures, just as in the snow.

Likewise, this position is very physical and requires a lot of going back and forth. Certain ailments can now and then be exasperated by the actual idea of this work.

What’s more, you will likewise be happy with working fundamental mechanical gear. Truck pushers habitually utilize a mechanized gadget to assist push with fulling truck loads.

You ought to likewise feel open to working alongside minimal direct oversight.

Salary

The standard beginning rate for most Walmart truck pushers is around $9 60 minutes. Since this position is section level with restricted capabilities, there is next to no leeway for a possibly higher beginning compensation for most specialists.

Notwithstanding base compensation, truck pushers are additionally qualified for a representative markdown on in-store buys. For regular specialists, you will be qualified for extra advantages like a 401k, medical coverage, just as downtime.

SEE ALSO: What is and what is the function of the CBSA?

Conclusion

Assuming you’re searching for a task with restricted client communication and an actual workplace, the truck pusher position at Walmart might be a brilliant decision to consider.

It has good beginning pay and is qualified for a wide scope of advantages. To discover more with regards to these sorts of openings, head over to the Walmart professions site for more data.

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Canada Immigration

Things Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You About Moving to Canada

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Things Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You About Moving to Canada

Before I enlighten you about things immigration lawyers won’t tell you, I’d like to give you a hint of the duties of an immigration lawyer. They basically work with corporations and employers to assist with helping clients understand the steps taken before they can be employed in Canada.

Immigration Lawyers are not gods

One thing immigration lawyers won’t tell you is that they are capable of failing when it comes to moving clients to Canada. Some tend to be transparent about it but most immigration lawyers won’t come clean on this.

They appear to their clients as gods and create a great picture of them in their hearts. They actually make mistakes too and sometimes lose cases. Most clients are aware of this fact, but when meeting an immigration lawyer they tend to put all hope on them.

SEE ALSO: Canadian professionals and skilled workers program

Immigration Lawyers Have no Supreme Power Over Immigration Process

I’ve met people who think when meeting an immigration lawyer their problems are totally solved. If you have this mindset, I’ll advise you to unlearn it because immigration lawyers are no supreme body in the affairs of immigration.

They only stand-in for their clients in the process stage and convince corporations about employing their clients. Immigration lawyers won’t tell you they aren’t certain about the outcome but would assure you of total success in immigrating to Canada.

You can Process it Yourself Without the Assistance of an Immigration Lawyer

Most people know that they can actually do their immigration processing themselves. It is a known fact, but they hire immigration lawyers because of their professionalism in their field. They believe they can do more better than they are.

Immigration lawyers won’t tell you that there are some cases with a slim chance of achieving victory. They make their clients feel like they are capable of performing miracles and so encourage them to hit on the process.

Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You of Their Past Records

Some immigration lawyers have been disciplined for immoral conduct in the past but they would never tell you because you might want to look elsewhere. A major issue is that act misconduct taken by an immigration lawyer may ruin your case. Most people have gone through this experience because of a bad step taken by their lawyer.

Although some learn from their past mistakes, it is not 100% certain that he would not act in that light again. So, when going for a background check you should determine if you should work with or without the immigration lawyer.

SEE ALSO: Rural and northern communities program, and other ways to achieve permanent residency in Canada

Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You of the Case Load They Have on Deck

Some immigration lawyers can be extremely busy with a huge caseload on their hands. And oftentimes they do not reject cases but add more to their piles of work.

Immigration lawyers won’t tell you about this and it can cause a low commitment to your immigration process as they do not pay the necessary attention that ought to be paid to your immigration process. Every case ought to be given much attention in other to produce the best result.

While searching for an immigration lawyer ensure you take note of what to expect and also ask questions on the process in order to avoid getting an unexpected result.

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Canada Immigration

Traveling with pets from the U.S to Canada

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Traveling with pets from the U.S to Canada

One of the great concerns of American citizens who have a pet and wish to travel or establish residence in Canada is how to transport their pets.

Another of their main concerns is the documents and requirements that you must have on hand to travel from the United States to Canada by plane with a pet.

The rules and conditions of carriage depend, essentially, on the following:

  • Place of entry and exit in Canada: regulations on the importation of domestic animals vary from province to province
  • Type of animal: is it a dog, a cat, a bird, a reptile …?
  • Form of transport: do you travel in the cabin, or not?

SEE ALSO: What is and what is the function of the CBSA?

Below you will find all the current regulations, required documents, and specifications for importing animals to Canada.

It will also be useful to know the requirements that every U.S citizen who wishes to visit Canada must meet.

Importation of animals from the U.S to Canada

Canadian regulations regarding the importation of companion animals, or animal products vary according to the type of animal. Below we show you which are allowed, which are prohibited, and which require special procedures to enter the country.

SEE ALSO: The most visited cities in Canada

Animals allowed in Canada

In general, the following pets are welcome in Canada:

  • Dogs
  • Cats
  • Amphibians (salamanders, frogs, toads, newts)
  • Reptiles (snakes, crocodiles, alligators, iguanas, turtles, tortoises, lizards)
  • Some types of rodents (hamsters, rats, mice)

Regulated animals in Canada

Other animals are admitted to Canada under special import conditions:

  • Fishes
  • Foxes and skunks
  • Raccoons
  • Galapagos
  • Birds
  • Rabbits
  • Ferrets

SEE ALSO: Travel from New York to Canada

Animals prohibited in Canada

Canada prohibits the importation of the following species from the U.S:

  • Prairie dogs
  • Squirrels
  • Primates (monkeys, baboons, chimpanzees, gorillas, baboons, orangutans, marmosets)

Traveling to Canada with dogs or cats

The companion animals most transported by plane between the U.S and Canada are undoubtedly dogs and cats. Know the requirements and documents necessary for it.

SEE ALSO: Work as a guide for cycling tours around the World

Documents required to travel from the U.S to Canada with pets

To transport your dog or cat from the U.S to Canada, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) requires you to meet the following requirements:

  • Vaccination certificate (including rabies certificate for dogs of any age, and cats older than 3 months).
  • Veterinary health certificate .
  • Sanitary export permit .

The vaccination certificates must be issued from the U.S before traveling to Canada, and have the following characteristics:

  • Be written in English or French , or translated into one of those two official languages.
  • Issued and signed by a United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Accredited Veterinarian.
  • Identify the animal by breed, color and weight .
  • Guarantee that the animal is vaccinated against rabies .
  • Indicate the date of vaccination , the company name and the serial number of the authorized vaccine.
  • Specify the duration of immunity (if not indicated, it will be considered valid for one year from the date of vaccination).

SEE ALSO: How to travel by bicycle around the world staying for free

The veterinary health certificates must be issued from the U.S before traveling to Canada, and have the following characteristics:

  • Be written in English or French , or translated into one of those 2 languages.
  • Issued and signed by a United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Accredited Veterinarian.
  • Have the name and signature of the authorized veterinarian who performed the examination.
  • Identify the animal by breed, color and weight .
  • Specify the date and time of the exam.
  • Contain a statement specifying that the animal is free from any clinical evidence of disease .
  • Guarantee that the animal has been vaccinated against :
    • distemper
    • hepatitis
    • parvovirus
    • parainfluenza

Although Canadian authorities do not usually quarantine animals imported from the U.S, your pet may require some treatment before allowing it to enter the country.

SEE ALSO: Travel tips for visiting Winnipeg

If this is your case, you will be responsible for covering the costs derived from the treatment, quarantine, or other pertinent expenses to the particular situation.

You may import a small quantity of commercially packaged cat or dog food made in the United States to feed your pet while traveling to Canada.

Travel to Canada with exotic birds or animals

The importation of birds from the U.S to Canada is subject to the control of the Canadian Wildlife Service (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species – (CITES) as well as the CFIA and the Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council of Canada.

The import and export of species designated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES) are controlled through an authorization or permit known as CITES.

This mandatory document certifies that you are the owner of the exotic animal. It is also known as the CITES Certificate of Ownership, or pet passport. It is valid for 3 years and authorizes multiple international trips.

It is advisable to find out about the regulations well in advance in order to prepare all the necessary documents for the trip with your pet to Canada.

SEE ALSO: Canada demands negative PCR on international flights

How to take my pet from the U.S to Canada by plane?

Some airlines that fly from the U.S to Canada, such as Air Canada, allow their passengers to travel with a dog or cat in the cabin, as long as:

  • The animal weighs 10 kg or less .
  • It is in a cage with the following maximum measurements : 23 cm high, 40 cm wide and 55 cm long.
  • Alternatively, it can travel in a bag with the following dimensions : 27 cm in height, 40 cm in width and 55 cm in length.
  • Be at least 3 months old .
  • The pet must remain in its closed carrier cage under its seat.
  • The traveler must arrive at the airport an additional 30 minutes before their flight check-in time, and they cannot check-in online or at the airport self-service terminals.

The cost of flying your pet from the U.S to Canada in the cabin is between $100 and $125 Canadian dollars (CAD) depending on the itinerary.

In other situations, it is mandatory for the pet to travel in the trunk, such as:

  • The traveler is a minor traveling without an adult.
  • Your seat is in the exit or window row.
  • The traveler needs to use a medical device that must be stored under the seat during the flight.

SEE ALSO: Study in Canada with an Australian passport

If your pet has to be transported in the trunk, it will go within the same flight, with the following conditions:

  • Maximum weight up to 32 kg.
  • Appropriate cage with 292 linear cm (calculated by adding the length, height and width).

The cost of traveling with a pet in the trunk of the plane usually exceeds $200 Canadian dollars (CAD).

Just as pets need to meet certain requirements and carry documents when traveling to Canada, humans do too. Once you have your pet’s travel requirements in order, remember that you will need to use the ArriveCAN app before your arrival at the border.

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