What do I need to live in Canada? – FirstAris Immigration website
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Canada Immigration

What do I need to live in Canada?



What do I need to live in Canada?

Canada is the most advanced country in terms of the Quality of Life Index, as confirmed by the OECD in its 2018 study. On the other hand, Canada can also boast of leading the rankings on such important issues as health, education, life expectancy, etc.

It is not surprising then that there are more than 284,000 people who immigrated to Canada from July 1 2019 to June 30 2020 effectively chosen the northernmost country in America to settle in it.

However, when it comes to living in the North American country, the requirements are somewhat more complex than to just process the work visa. In the following sections, we will explain how to live in Canada.

SEE ALSO: H1B 2021 visa: how to get it, procedures, and latest news

General requirements to live in Canada

In order to live in Canada, foreign citizens must meet a series of requirements. The most common way to live in the country temporarily is by applying for some of the types of visas or a work or study permit. However, if you want to settle in Canada indefinitely, a permanent residence permit will be required.

Working in Canada

The North American country offers two types of work permits for Canada. Depending on the situation of the interested party, you must apply for one option or another.

Open work permit

It is a permit that grants the possibility of working without conditions. That is, without time limit or employer/s. foreign citizens who wish to apply for the open work permit must meet the following requirements:

  • Applicants for permanent residence in Canada.
  • Legal partners.
  • Refugees and/or protected persons with their families.
  • Carriers of temporary residence (in specific cases).
  • Young people participating in special programs (in specific cases).

SEE ALSO: H2 Temporary Work Visa in the United States

Specific employer work permit

In order to apply for this permit, the interested party must have a job offer in a specific industry or professional field. However, a work permit must be applied for depending on the position that the applicant will hold. That is, if the foreign citizen is going to work in the construction sector, he will have different requirements than if he is going to do it in, for example, a university.

Note: Although the eTA travel authorization does not allow working in Canada, its bearers can participate in conferences, courses, and seminars.

Study in Canada

As mentioned above, another option that foreigners have to live in Canada is a study permit. It should be remembered that to enter the country, the student from eligible countries must process the eTA, to later be able to apply for the study permit for Canada. The requirements are:

  • Be enrolled in a designated educational institution or DGL.
  • Have a letter of acceptance from a DGL.
  • Have a valid passport.
  • Prove economic solvency to cover the studies.
  • Include an explanatory letter detailing why you want to study in Canada.

SEE ALSO: COVID-19 entry restrictions to Canada: The latest updates

Note: If the applicant is a minor, a custody declaration or “custodianship declaration” must be attached.

Permanent residence in Canada

Finally, if you want to live in Canada for an indefinite period, a permanent residence permit or “landed immigrants” will be required. Every year, the North American country grants this permit to more than 200,000 people. The selection process to get to live in Canada permanently is based on merits.

If a foreign citizen gets approval of the application, he automatically becomes a permanent resident of Canada. That’s when he is given a resident card (PR Card) that grants him almost the same duties and rights as any Canadian citizen. The exceptions are:

  • The right to vote in elections.
  • The duration of trips or stays outside Canada.

Note: This process can take from 6 months to 3 years.

SEE ALSO: Study in Australia, everything you need to know

Currently, in Canada, there are 6 categories applicable to applications for permanent residence:

  • Provincial nomination.
  • Family class immigration.
  • Immigration chosen by Quebec.
  • Business class immigration.
  • Immigration of the Skilled Worker class.
  • Intercountry adoption.

Provincial nomination

This category is intended for those applicants who intend to emigrate to a specific Canadian province. In the provincial nomination, it is the province itself that proposes the interested party to obtain permanent residence.

To request this process, the candidate must contact directly the immigration representative designated by that province and send him a request for provincial nomination.

Once this request is made, the interested party has to process permanent residence through the Citizenship and Immigration agency of Canada.

Intercountry adoption

International Adoption is the option that allows both Canadian citizens and permanent residents of the country to adopt minors from other countries.

This is a long process, which can take even years, and requires the commitment of the adoptive party to take place.

To carry out this process, it must be verified that there is respect for and commitment to Canadian provincial and federal laws, as well as to the rights and obligations existing in the country of adoption of the child.

SEE ALSO: How to find the cheapest flights with Skyscanner

Family class immigration

Family Class Immigration is intended for applicants who have a close relative who is a permanent resident in Canada and who serves as a springboard to settle indefinitely on Canadian territory.

This is a very popular category for those who demand permanent residence in the country since about 30% of immigrants who obtain their residence in Canada do so through this process.

Immigration chosen by Quebec

The Federal Government of Canada and the Province of Quebec have a special agreement to select those immigrants who apply for permanent residence in this Canadian province.

It is a completely independent procedure of the application at the national level and includes the following categories:

  • Families.
  • Students.
  • Business people.
  • Temporary workers.
  • Sponsored refugees.
  • Permanent workers.

SEE ALSO: Top 10 Scholarships to Study in Canada

Note: This category is only valid for those foreigners who want to reside permanently in the province of Québec.

Business class immigration

In this category, also known as “Business” are located applicants qualified as “Investors” or investors, “Entrepreneurs” or entrepreneurs, and “Self-employed” or self-employed.

  • Investors: they have to demonstrate that they have professional experience and that they have a wealth of between 400,000 and 800,000 Canadian dollars and that they are willing to invest at least 400,000 CAD in the country’s economy.
  • Entrepreneurs: they must ensure that they have previous experience managing business, as well as a net wealth of at least 300,000 Canadian dollars and the will to have a full-time employee in Canada for a minimum period of 3 years.
  • Self-employed: have previous experience, in addition to having the ability and intention to manage a business that allows you to be a self-employed worker.

Pro Tip: If you are from one of the countries eligible to enter Canada with an eTA, you can enter the country with this permit (for a maximum of 6 months) for business-related reasons.

SEE ALSO: Super Visa Canada: what it is and who can apply for it

Skilled worker class immigration

These applications, also known as “Skilled Worker” are evaluated based on a points system that qualifies the applicant according to:

  • Ability to adapt to Canadian society.
  • Knowledge in the official languages of the country.
  • Work experience.
  • Job offer.
  • Age.

These factors are decisive in concluding whether a candidate is eligible to become a permanent resident of Canada or not. The score, which is in the range of 0 to 100 points, must be at least 67 points for a candidate to be considered eligible.

Note: in addition to this, the CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada) takes into account the existence or not of a criminal record, as well as all kinds of aspects related to the Canadian labor market.

SEE ALSO: What to get on the plane when traveling to Canada

How do you get permanent residence in Canada?

The main thing is to locate the Embassy, Consulate, or Office of the High Diplomatic Commission of Canada that corresponds to the applicant’s country of origin.

Once this first step has been passed, the requirements to obtain permanent residence in Canada are the following:

  • Have a medical certificate issued by a medical service designated by the Canadian consular post.
  • Deliver a thorough analysis of the applicant’s criminal history (where applicable).
  • Complete the application forms for permanent residence in Canada that correspond to this procedure.
  • Pay the established cost of the application.
  • Go personally to the corresponding consular interviews.

SEE ALSO: J1 Visa: What is it and how to apply for it?

In addition to these requirements, depending on the case, extra documentation may be required, such as:

  • Original documents, copies and official translations into English or French of all certificates and diplomas of study of the applicant, as well as birth certificates and letters of sponsorship for students, workers or family members residing in Canada.
  • Evidence or documents that guarantee and ensure a political refugee or war status.
  • Proof of economic solvency to stay in Canada for a minimum of one year.

Pro Tip: do not hesitate to seek and receive legal assistance if you think you may have problems of any kind when carrying out this procedure.


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Canada Immigration

What languages ​​are spoken in Canada



What languages ​​are spoken in Canada

Have you thought about living or traveling to Canada? If so, most likely one of your first questions is what languages ​​are spoken in Canada and how to prepare yourself to face the linguistic challenges that this great destination presents. 

In recent years, the Canadian immigration system has been recognized as one of the friendliest with students, professionals, and expatriates from different parts of the world, who come to Canada to meet their goals, start a new life and even learn a new language. 

However, one of the commonly requested requirements to enter the country successfully, for reasons beyond tourism, is to know at least one of the languages ​​spoken in Canada, so that you can guarantee a smooth social and cultural integration. 

What languages ​​are officially spoken in Canada? Are there minority languages? How do they differ from other languages ​​we already know? Are there other countries where they are useful? All these doubts will be answered below. 

SEE ALSO: Traveling to Canada with a Criminal Record

Official languages ​​spoken in Canada

Canada is known around the world for being an officially bilingual country, made up of two official languages: 


The Anglo-Saxon language is one of the two main languages ​​of the Canadian territory, being the mother tongue of more than 77% of the population and the language that around 86% of the inhabitants speak fluently. 

A very common question is whether the English spoken in Canada is different from English of British or American origin; However, its spelling is sometimes described as a mixture of both, the vocabulary is more similar to that of United States English, and the variations of the single-use lexicon in Canada are very specific depending on the context.


The next official language of Canada is, of course, French, established by statutory decree in July 1969. 

Today, French is the mother tongue of approximately 9 million Canadians, that is, 23% of the population of this country. Most of the Francophones live in the province of Quebec. 

Minority languages ​​of Canada

In addition to the official languages ​​that coexist in the country, there are a series of minority languages ​​that are spoken in the country thanks to the constant migratory movement that the nation has experienced for years. 

The minority languages ​​that are not officially recognized in Canada, but are still spoken daily by thousands of inhabitants of the Canadian territory are Spanish, Italian, German, Cantonese, Punjabi, Arabic, Dutch, and Tagalog. 

SEE ALSO: What is and what is the function of the CBSA?

In what other countries are the official languages ​​of Canada spoken?

Due to the colonizing past of countries such as France and the United Kingdom, those who master the two official languages ​​of Canada can communicate fluently in the official language of many countries on different continents. 

On the one hand, English, in addition to being a language spoken by more than 1.13 billion people in the world, has been called the official language in more than 70 countries around the world. Among these countries, the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Singapore, the Philippines, among many others, always stand out (the list is very long!). 

On the French side, things are not far behind. The “language of love”, in addition to being the main language of France and Canada, maintains its official status in more than twenty nations and overseas territories.

Some territories where we can find French as an official language are: Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, Monaco, Luxembourg, Republic of the Congo, Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Niger, Togo, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Mali, Senegal, Benin, Gabon, Chad, Haiti, Rwanda, Comoros, Burundi, Republic of Djibouti, Vanuatu, French Polynesia, and French Guyana. 

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Canada Immigration

Traveling to Canada with a Criminal Record



Traveling to Canada with a Criminal Record

The requirements to travel to Canada with Mexican nationality changed in December 2016. All Mexican citizens wishing to visit Canada for a short stay must obtain the eTA before traveling.

The eTA is an electronic travel authorization. This automated system determines the eligibility of people who want to visit Canada. As a Mexican citizen, you can apply for the eTA online by completing a form and answering a series of security questions.

SEE ALSO: What is and what is the function of the CBSA?

Necessary requirements to apply for the eTA with Mexican nationality:

Applying for the Canadian eTA is quick and easy. Among the requirements to obtain the eTA, travelers need:

  • A valid passport
  • A debit or credit card
  • An email address

Once the application has been completed with all the data, the applicant can proceed to answer a series of questions about his criminal record. To finish the process, you have to pay the eTA fee.

Do I need a Criminal Record Certificate to travel to Canada?

The Criminal Record certificate is not required to travel to Canada as a tourist. However, if you want to work in Canada, you may need to obtain a Criminal Record Certificate. In Mexico, you can complete the procedure online by completing a Request for a Certificate or Report of No Criminal History.

On the other hand, if you have a criminal record it is very important that you do not deny it when you apply for the eTA. In the Canadian travel authorization questionnaire, you must answer honestly all questions, including those about your criminal record. No matter how minor the crime, you are required to declare it on the eTA permit form.

SEE ALSO: Walmart Cart Pusher Job for Immigrants

Alternatives if eTA Canada is denied due to brush with the law

It is likely that having a criminal record the eTA will be denied as inadmissible in Canada. In this case, you can still apply for a visa through the nearest Canadian embassy or consulate.

Before the travel authorization system was implemented, travelers from visa-exempt countries did not have to go through any electronic checks. You also didn’t have to answer questions about a criminal record. Migration controls were made upon arrival in Canada. As a result, there are many people who were able to enter Canada with a criminal record and went unnoticed.

It is worth mentioning that not all criminal records are equally serious. Still, the eTA serves as a screening mechanism to weed out people who might be criminally inadmissible in Canada.

If you have had interactions with the criminal justice system, you could benefit from a legal opinion letter to be able to apply for a visa to Canada and travel without problems. The legal opinion letter is a document that explains that the person with a criminal record is a respectable person and that they are an admissible person.

In some cases it may happen that the eTA is denied, this will depend on the severity of the history of each person. In case the eTA is denied due to the applicant’s criminal record, a temporary residence permit can be applied for, which would allow legal entry into the country.

Lying when completing the eTA is not recommended as this could have very serious consequences. Not only would the eTA not be granted but it could damage future possibilities of traveling to the North American country.

SEE ALSO: How to travel by bicycle around the world staying for free

To process a Canadian visa with a criminal record it is important that:

  • Learn all the details of your conviction and the charge.
  • Gather as much information as possible about your conviction, including dates.
  • Complete the application correctly and with all the necessary documents.

Remember that the decision to grant you entry to Canada rests with the Canadian immigration agent who assists you upon arrival in the country. A serious criminal record can be a reason for denial of the Canadian eTA or entry into the country.

If you have a criminal record for crimes committed before the age of 18 you may still have the opportunity to be granted entry into Canada.

To be considered your application, despite having a criminal record, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Provide supporting documents that you comply with the legal terms to be considered rehabilitated :
    • More than 5 years have elapsed since the crime and also since his final sentence
    • Fully served his sentence
    • Not likely to incur new crimes
    • Had he committed the crime in Canada, he would have had a prison term of less than 10 years
  • Your request for rehabilitation was approved
  • You were granted a record suspension
  • You have a temporary residence permit

SEE ALSO: Walmart Cart Pusher Job for Immigrants

If you have a Mexican passport and a criminal record, it is recommended that you apply for criminal rehabilitation before submitting your eTA Canada petition. Once your confirmation of rehabilitation has been approved, you will be able to apply for a Canada eTA.

Contact an embassy or consulate for updated information and requirements. Please note that these requests can take more than a year to process.

The eTA is not a visa, it is a travel authorization to visit Canada for a certain time. The eTA is not designed for people who want to live, study or work in Canada.

Once the eTA is requested, it will be electronically linked to the passport, which is why it is essential to travel with the document with which the application was made.

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Canada Immigration

Things Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You About Moving to Canada



Things Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You About Moving to Canada

Before I enlighten you about things immigration lawyers won’t tell you, I’d like to give you a hint of the duties of an immigration lawyer. They basically work with corporations and employers to assist with helping clients understand the steps taken before they can be employed in Canada.

Immigration Lawyers are not gods

One thing immigration lawyers won’t tell you is that they are capable of failing when it comes to moving clients to Canada. Some tend to be transparent about it but most immigration lawyers won’t come clean on this.

They appear to their clients as gods and create a great picture of them in their hearts. They actually make mistakes too and sometimes lose cases. Most clients are aware of this fact, but when meeting an immigration lawyer they tend to put all hope on them.

SEE ALSO: Canadian professionals and skilled workers program

Immigration Lawyers Have no Supreme Power Over Immigration Process

I’ve met people who think when meeting an immigration lawyer their problems are totally solved. If you have this mindset, I’ll advise you to unlearn it because immigration lawyers are no supreme body in the affairs of immigration.

They only stand-in for their clients in the process stage and convince corporations about employing their clients. Immigration lawyers won’t tell you they aren’t certain about the outcome but would assure you of total success in immigrating to Canada.

You can Process it Yourself Without the Assistance of an Immigration Lawyer

Most people know that they can actually do their immigration processing themselves. It is a known fact, but they hire immigration lawyers because of their professionalism in their field. They believe they can do more better than they are.

Immigration lawyers won’t tell you that there are some cases with a slim chance of achieving victory. They make their clients feel like they are capable of performing miracles and so encourage them to hit on the process.

Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You of Their Past Records

Some immigration lawyers have been disciplined for immoral conduct in the past but they would never tell you because you might want to look elsewhere. A major issue is that act misconduct taken by an immigration lawyer may ruin your case. Most people have gone through this experience because of a bad step taken by their lawyer.

Although some learn from their past mistakes, it is not 100% certain that he would not act in that light again. So, when going for a background check you should determine if you should work with or without the immigration lawyer.

SEE ALSO: Rural and northern communities program, and other ways to achieve permanent residency in Canada

Immigration Lawyers Won’t Tell You of the Case Load They Have on Deck

Some immigration lawyers can be extremely busy with a huge caseload on their hands. And oftentimes they do not reject cases but add more to their piles of work.

Immigration lawyers won’t tell you about this and it can cause a low commitment to your immigration process as they do not pay the necessary attention that ought to be paid to your immigration process. Every case ought to be given much attention in other to produce the best result.

While searching for an immigration lawyer ensure you take note of what to expect and also ask questions on the process in order to avoid getting an unexpected result.

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